By Guy L. Beck
Going past the traditional depictions of Krishna within the epics, this ebook makes use of neighborhood and vernacular resources to provide a variety of Krishna traditions.
Krishna—widely commemorated and loved within the Hindu tradition—is a deity of many features. An old manifestation of the superb God Vishnu, or the Godhead itself, Krishna is the bringer of Yoga philosophy and the author of the universe, the destroyer of evil tyrants, and the hero of the epic Mahabharata. he's additionally defined in classical Sanskrit texts as having human features and having fun with very human ambitions: Krishna is the butter thief, cowherd, philanderer, and flute participant. but even those playful depictions are dependent upon descriptions present in the Sanskrit canon, and usually mirror generic, classical Pan-Indian images.
In this e-book, members study the choice, or unconventional, Krishnas, providing examples from extra localized Krishna traditions present in varied areas between quite a few ethnic teams, vernacular language traditions, and distant branches of Indian religions. those wide-ranging, replacement visions of Krishna contain the Tantric Krishna of Bengal, Krishna in city women's rituals, Krishna as monogamous husband and more youthful brother in Braj, Krishna in Jainism, Krishna in Marathi culture, Krishna in South India, and the Krishna of nineteenth-century reformed Hinduism.
“The entire quantity bargains a consi-derable spectrum of quite a few lesser-known varieties of Krishna bhakti awarded from varied learn views. it's an informative addition to reports in commonly conceived Vaishnavism and spiritual traditions.” — Acta Orientalia Vilnensia
“…Guy Beck has … provid[ed] a fantastically produced quantity with a few interesting study papers featuring ‘regional and vernacular adaptations on a Hindu deity’ … [he] has performed a superb provider through accumulating and soliciting splendidly wealthy and numerous articles.” — Indo-Iranian Journal
"Surely, there are few, if any, deities extra significant and significant to Hinduism than Krishna. This quantity provides vital voices to our knowing of this Hindu deity, a true and intensely major accomplishment." — Jeffrey J. Kripal, writer of Roads of extra, Palaces of knowledge: Eroticism and Reflexivity within the research of Mysticism
Contributors comprise Jerome H. Bauer, man L. Beck, Glen Alexander Hayes, June McDaniel, Anne E. Monius, Christian Lee Novetzke, Tracy Pintchman, Valerie Ritter, and A. Whitney Sanford.
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Extra info for Alternative Krishnas: Regional and Vernacular Variations on a Hindu Deity
Regional Cults and Rural Traditions: An Interacting Pattern of Divinity and Humanity in Rural Bengal. New Delhi: Inter-India, 1986. Tod, J. Annals of Rajasthan. Calcutta, 1884. ” 143. Vol. 7. New York: Scribner’s, 1915. This page intentionally left blank. Chapter 4 Domesticating Krishna: Friendship, Marriage, and Women’s Experience in a Hindu Women’s Ritual Tradition TRACY PINTCHMAN In his well-known book on Krishna, The Divine Player: A Study of Krsna LŒla, David Kinsley emphasizes the nature of Krishna as a playful deity who remains eternally unbound by the social and moral norms that condition the human realm.
Within Kartik puja, this role takes on a progressive character, marking Krishna’s development from infancy to adulthood and culminating in the arrangement and celebration of Krishna’s marriage to Tulsi. In the puja, Krishna is considered to be present in child form as well as adult form during most of Kartik, since the month is dedicated to raising him from infancy to a marriageable age. During this period, when the daily puja comes to an end, participants gather together all the clay icons in the cloth on which the puja is performed.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. ———. ” In Tantra in Practice. David Gordon White, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000, 3–38. ———. The Kiss of the YoginŒ: “Tantric Sex” in Its South Asian Contexts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. Chapter 3 Folk Vaishnavism and the Thakur Pañcayat Life and Status among Village Krishna Statues JUNE MCDANIEL In West Bengal, Krishna is understood by Vaishnava devotees to be a living presence in his various statue forms. In some villages, the New Year is celebrated by having a Thakur Pañcayat, or council meeting of deities in the form of statues.