By Philip Bonner, Noor Nieftagodien

Alexandra: A History, is a social and political heritage of 1 of South Africa’s oldest townships. It starts with the founding of Alexandra as a freehold township in 1912, and lines its progress as a middle of black working-class existence within the center of Johannesburg, to the post-apartheid period. Declared as a position for "natives and coloureds," Alexandra turned domestic to a various inhabitants the place home-owners, tenants, squatters, hostel-dwellers, employees and migrants drawn from each nook of the rustic converged to make a existence within the urban. The tales of standard everyone is on the middle of the township’s historical past. in accordance with ratings of existence background interviews, the ebook portrays in vibrant element the day-by-day struggles and tribulation of Alexandrans. a spotlight element is the wealthy heritage of political resistance, during which civic events and political organisations—such because the ANC, Communist celebration and socialist enterprises just like the move for Democracy of Content—organized bus boycotts, antiremoval and antipass campaigns, and mobilized for housing and a greater existence for citizens. however the publication isn't just approximately politics. It tells the tales of way of life, of the making of city cultures and of the notorious Spoilers and Msomi gangs. Over weekends Alexandra comes alive as football suits, church providers and shebeens vie for the eye of citizens. Alexandra: A History highlights the social complexities of the township, which now and then reason stress among assorted segments of the inhabitants, resembling among the "bona fides" and amagoduka, stand-owners and tenants or hostel-dwellers and township citizens. chiefly else the group spirit of the folk of Alexandra, expressed in a fiercely unswerving love for where, has again and again triumphed and endured.


Show description

Read or Download Alexandra: A History PDF

Best environmental science books

Climate Change Reconsidered: The Report of the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC)

This 880-page rebuttal of the Fourth overview file of the Intergovernmental Panel on weather switch (IPCC), 3 years within the making, used to be published in June 2009 through The Heartland Institute. Coauthored and edited by way of S. Fred Singer, Ph. D. , and Craig Idso, Ph. D. and produced with contributions and experiences via a world coalition of scientists, it presents an autonomous exam of the facts on hand at the factors and results of weather switch within the released, peer-reviewed literature tested with no bias and selectivity.

Environmental Biodegradation Research Focus

This new e-book is dedicated to modern examine on environmental biodegradation that's the destruction of natural compounds through microorganisms. Microorganisms, really micro organism, are answerable for the decomposition of either traditional and artificial natural compounds in nature. Mineralisation leads to whole conversion of a compound to its inorganic mineral materials (for instance, carbon dioxide from carbon, sulphate or sulphide from natural sulphur, nitrate or ammonium from natural nitrogen, phosphate from organophosphates, or chloride from organochlorine).

The Vulnerable Planet: A Short Economic History of the Environment (Cornerstone Books)

From reports of the 1st version (1994): "Extraordinarily good written . . . "--Contemporary Sociology "A readable chronicle aimed toward a normal viewers . . . sleek and available . . . "--Dollars and experience "Has the aptitude to be a political bombshell in radical circles worldwide. "--Environmental motion The weak Planet has gained appreciate because the most sensible single-volume creation to the worldwide monetary trouble.

Ecology and the Environment, 1st Edition

During this publication, plant biology is taken into account from the viewpoint of crops and their surrounding setting, together with either biotic and abiotic interactions. The meant viewers is undergraduate scholars within the center or ultimate levels in their courses of research. themes are built to supply a rudimentary realizing of ways plant-environment interactions span a number of spatiotemporal scales, and the way this rudimentary wisdom could be utilized to appreciate the explanations of environment vulnerabilities within the face of worldwide weather switch and enlargement of common source use through human societies.

Additional resources for Alexandra: A History

Example text

Travis Wagner Copyright © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

In Our Backyard: A Guide to Understanding Pollution and Its Effects. Travis Wagner Copyright © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

In Our Backyard: A Guide to Understanding Pollution and Its Effects. Travis Wagner Copyright © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.54 of 5 – based on 48 votes