By Manuel Blanco, Lourdes Ramirez Santigosa
After many years of study and improvement, concentrating sunlight thermal (CST) strength crops (also referred to as concentrating solar energy (CSP) and as sun Thermal electrical energy or STE structures) at the moment are transforming into generally commercialized. certainly, the IEA predicts that via 2050, with enough aid over ten percentage of world electrical energy should be produced via concentrating sun thermal strength crops. in spite of the fact that, CSP crops are only yet one of many many attainable functions of CST structures. Advances in Concentrating sunlight Thermal learn and Technology offers targeted info at the newest advances in CST structures study and know-how. It promotes a deep realizing of the demanding situations the several CST applied sciences are faced with, of the examine that's happening around the world to handle these demanding situations, and of the effect that the innovation that this examine is fostering can have at the emergence of recent CST elements and ideas. it really is expected that those advancements will considerably bring up the cost-competiveness of industrial CST options and reshape the technological panorama of either CST applied sciences and the CST undefined. After an introductory bankruptcy, the subsequent 3 components of the e-book concentrate on key CST plant parts, from mirrors and receivers to thermal garage. the ultimate elements of the e-book handle operation and keep an eye on and cutting edge CST approach concepts.
- Contains authoritative studies of CST study happening round the world
- Discusses the impression this study is fostering at the emergence of recent CST parts and ideas that would considerably raise the cost-competitiveness of CST power
- Covers either significant CST plant elements and system-wide issues
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Extra info for Advances in Concentrating Solar Thermal Research and Technology (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy)
The materials roadmap mentioned in the preceding paragraph, published by the European Commission in 2011, focused on the materials R&D and the related product development for the next years on the following aspects : • • • • • • • applied research to further develop low-lead solutions toward “zero lead” mirrors with longterm corrosion protection against weathering; develop advanced mirror protective coatings with anti-soiling function and high abrasive and erosion resistance; improve resistance of nonglass mirrors to surface degradation in different climatic conditions and under abrasion and erosion; develop improved accelerated aging tests; applied research for improved low-iron glass with reduced transmission losses; method for recycling process, method for treatment of raw materials to reduce the iron content; develop reﬂector materials with high-temperature stability suitable for secondary reﬂectors [Fresnel collectors, solar towers (STs), and so on]; development of accelerated aging testing taking into account speciﬁcations of different applications and loads (primary, secondary, climate variability, abrasion, erosion, and so on).
A new generation of absorber tubes for concentrating solar thermal (CST) systems” discusses the durability cost and maintenance challenges and solutions for heat collector elements (HCE) or trough receivers. “Innovative working ﬂuids for parabolic trough collectors” describes the state-of-the-art of working ﬂuids for troughs to analyze three alternative working ﬂuids in terms of thermohydraulic and cost issues. “A new generation of solid-particle and other high-performance receiver designs for concentrating solar thermal (CST) central tower systems” reviews novel high-temperature receiver designs but focuses on several particle receivers concepts.
13). Commercially available heliostat ﬁeld, central receiver solar concentrators, achieve concentration ratios within the 500 to 800 range. 1 Industry and market trends Solar thermal electricity The current state-of-the art of CST technologies for electricity production are: • • parabolic trough system using synthetic oil as the heat transfer ﬂuid, with a two-tank molten salt storage system; linear Fresnel system using water as the heat transfer ﬂuid, for direct steam generation without storage; Introduction to concentrating solar thermal (CST) technologies • 15 central receiver tower system using molten salt as the heat transfer ﬂuid, with a two-tank molten salt storage system.