By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics enable for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion shipping. fabrics study and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as severe elements in either sustainable power and fresh functions. Membrane utilisation bargains technique simplification and intensification in undefined, offering inexpensive, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discounts and effort defense. complex membrane technology and expertise for sustainable strength and environmental functions offers a finished evaluation of membrane utilisation and integration inside of strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technology and engineering, from the basics of membrane strategies and separation to membrane characterization and fiscal research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) trap in coal and fuel strength crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 stories membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gas, traditional gasoline and synthesis fuel processing, in addition to complex biofuels construction. half 4 covers membranes for substitute power functions and effort garage, akin to membrane know-how for redox and lithium batteries, gas cells and hydrogen construction. eventually, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its exclusive editors and group of specialist individuals, complicated membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes is a necessary reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers drawn to this field.
- Presents a finished assessment of membrane technology and know-how, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable strength and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane approaches and separation and membrane characterization and financial analysis
- Addresses the major problems with membrane utilisation in coal and gasoline strength crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute power purposes and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications
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Additional resources for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy)
Bailey J E and Ollis D F (1986), Biochemical Engineering Fundamentals, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore, MA. Basha K, Saud M, Gulamhusein A, Nicoll P and Boda R (2005), ‘Design and construction challenges of the Kindasa SWRO desalination plant expansion’, in Proceedings IDA World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse, Singapore, 11–16 September 2005. indd 18 8/5/11 10:45:03 AM Fundamental membrane processes, science and engineering 19 Basile A (2008), ‘Hydrogen production using Pd-based membrane reactors for fuel cells’, Topics in Catalysis, 51, 107–22.
The first large application was used to separate U235 from U238, but membranes became economically feasible only in the 1980s with some applications for the separation of H2, acid gases CO2/CH4 and N2 production from air (Pandey and Chauhan, 2001). indd 11 8/5/11 10:45:03 AM 12 Advanced membrane science and technology older gas separation methods. In a gas separation, a membrane is selective because some components permeate much more rapidly than others; the more permeable gas is called fast gas and it is the one enriched in the permeate flow.
The Ashkelon SWRO desalination plant in Israel is the largest in the world (Kronenberg, 2004). The project was developed as a BOT (build-operatetransfer). The typical single-pass SWRO system consists of the following steps and components: • • • • • • • intake pretreatment high pressure pump membrane assembly remineralization and pH adjustment disinfection alarm/control panel. The pump supplies the pressure needed to push water through the membrane, even as the membrane rejects the passage of salt through it.