By O. Guerra Santin

Residential constructions have regularly more desirable in power potency, in part on account of the creation of power laws in lots of nations. even if larger thermal houses and platforms potency have diminished power intake for area heating in contemporary a long time, big changes in strength intake in related dwellings are nonetheless being saw. those changes in intake are considered as a result of ameliorations in occupancy styles, by way of caliber of development and via rebound results. This examine addresses the impact of power functionality laws and occupant habit on strength intake for house and water heating in dwellings outfitted after the advent of the strength functionality laws within the Netherlands. the result of this examine exhibit that enhancing the strength potency of structures by myself isn't really sufficient to diminish that strength intake. the big ameliorations present in using dwellings point out that, specially in strength effective homes, occupant habit presents a chance for additional discounts within the strength intake for house heating that could enhance the efforts to preserve power around the world.

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Additional resources for Actual Energy Consumption in Dwellings: The Effect of Energy Performance Regulations and Occupant Behaviour - Volume 33 Sustainable Urban Areas

Sample text

1998), causing variations in energy use as large as a factor of two in similar dwellings with identical equipment and appliances. In an empirical study of 600 households in Sweden, Linden et al. (2006) found that households living in detached houses have to accept lower indoor temperatures than households living in flats. In addition, they found that for households living in dwellings where the energy bill is paid collectively, the indoor temperature is higher by about 280C, indicating that the differences are more likely to be due to occupant behaviour than to building characteristics.

There are differences in energy use that are not explained by occupant characteristics such as household size, level of education and age distribution (Vringer & Blok, 2007). Vringer et al. (2007) investigated the effect of value patterns, motivation and problem perception in relation to climate change on energy use in the Netherlands, taking into account household socioeconomic differences. They found no significant differences between the energy requirements of groups with different value patterns, with the exception that 4% more energy is used by families that are least motivated to save energy.

2000) found very low B coefficient values when only the household characteristics were included in the model – with household size and age being statistically significant. 9%), while slightly better results were obtained combining both models. 4% of explained variance due to all the variables: age, dwelling size, household size, region, type of dwelling (multi-family or single family) and agriculture as activity. In our research, income did not seem to have such a large effect because dwelling size and other income-affected building characteristics such as dwelling size were introduced first into the model.

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